Daylight Saving Feast

On November 6, 2016, most people in North America will turn back their clocks one hour. What a great reminder that the summer harvest is available for a feast. And what a great time to hold a Daylight Saving Feast following the principles of Nature Culture.

The concept is quite simple. All the food in your feast (or as much as possible) is derived from the local environment near to where you live. I reside near Vancouver so my environment is the watershed and the ocean that make up the Salish Sea.

Previous feasts that my family and friends have held following the Nature Culture theme have been an eye opener to how much food was locally available. We have held dinners for a few to over 100 people and everyone had fun. These dinners are a great theme for a fund raiser and galas.

Cooking without spices creates a special challenge but we were surprised that there was locally produced herbs, garlic, honey and sea salt. Here are the ingredients for one of our previous feasts. Readers who are familiar with the region will see that a few of the items came outside the Salish Sea region. Just have fun with whatever you have and let me know how your feast went.


Salmon pate from the Fishery, Salt Spring Island.

Home made crackers


Wine, Garry Oak Pinot Noir from Gulf Islands

Apple Juice from Fruit Guys in Naramata


Roast turkey from JD Farms , Langley

Pemberton Valley Potatoes from Across the Creek Farm, mashed with Avalon Dairy milk

Carrots from Lillooet with honey and butter glaze

Brussels sprouts from Delta, BC with butter and roast hazelnuts

Blueberry garnish: Frozen blueberries from Delta, BC, honey and minced onion


Greens from Local Garden Vancouver Special

Tomatoes if we can find them

Roasted hazelnuts with honey glaze


Apple pie: Apples from Natures First Fruit in Cawston

Other ingredients

Flour from Anita’s Organic Mill in Chilliwack

Honey from Honeyview Farms in Rosedale

Hazelnuts and hazelnut oil from Canadian Hazelnut, Inc., Agassiz

Garlic from Forest Grove, Cariboo

Salt form Vancouver Island Salt Works, Cobble Hill

Fraser Valley butter

Herbs from International Herbs ltd, Surrey

Raspberry vinegar, Sacred Mountain, Salt Spring Island

From our garden, sage, rosemary, onions

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Hollyhock Nature Culture Workshop

From June 29 to July 3, I will lead a workshop on Nature Culture at Hollyhock on Cortes Island, British Columbia. Readers of this blog and those of you who have attended my talks and films know that Nature Culture is an emerging philosophy combining conservation, economics, health, local food movement, art, science and more into a new culture that reconnects to our ancient natural heritage. The waters around Cortes are like a second home. I spent early years as a student and park naturalist studying nature in the region including many months immersed among birds on nearby Mitlenatch Island. It was there that I began to hone my skills as a naturalist and where the kernel of an idea began to emerge that became Nature Culture.

At the Hollyhock workshop, I want to take you on a journey of exploration of the world of nature on Cortes Island. You will begin to explore nature on a personal level while learning about the natural history of the Salish Sea. I have been doing this sort for thing for decades and through my professional career as a senior research scientist amassed a storehouse of information that I will share with you. I also intend to show you some simple steps in getting started sketching in the field, and will read a few excerpts from a new book (more on that later). I might even show you our new film. The experiences will be unique and stimulating.

That is what I offer you. If you care to join the workshop, I ask that you are willing to participate in exploring nature, to think BIG, and to offer to help me develop the concept of Nature Culture.

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Land and Nature

Canadians relate closely to freedoms and democracy, quality of life, caring for others and multicultural tolerance and have long viewed environmental issues as a major public concern, according to surveys of our values. National Parks are one of the often cited symbols of Canada. We are proud of the abundance of nature in Canada, yet we have been slow to establish national celebrations of the great natural world we inhabit.

Cultures are defined by traditions, protocols, and ethics reflected in such endeavours as the arts, cuisine, literature, music, language, legends, philosophy, religion, and science. In a Nature Culture, the natural world would be a guiding influence in these endeavours. A compelling reason to adopt a Nature Culture is the discovery of the health and childhood development benefits nature provides. You can read more about the strength of these connections in a review paper by Paul Sandifer and his co-authors. Cecilly Maller and her coauthors call for a rethink of how we design cities because of potential cost savings derived from nature. They wrote “This approach [nature connection] offers not only an augmentation of existing health promotion and prevention activities, but provides the basis for a socio-ecological approach to public health that incorporates environmental sustainability”.

These conclusions are beginning to shed a new light on the role of land conservation. For over a century now, conservation in North America has focussed largely on saving species and habitats. The approach varied on how much human activity was tolerated, but the philosophy remained firmly on the priority of preservation of nature. There was good reason to do so for imperilled species and ecosystems and where species were sensitive in their lifecycle such as at nursery and migration areas. Although conservation activities often spoke to the importance of nature to people, nature was seldom viewed as essential to the society. Despite environment being an ongoing concern, Canadians gave only about 2% of total donations to environmental causes, according to Charity Intelligence Canada. The evidence for benefits from nature to humans alone should be a rallying call for conservation.

In a Nature Culture, the preservation of species and habitats becomes part of the cultural fabric. Sustainability is vital to the continuity of the culture. The loss of nature in a Nature Culture takes on special meaning because not only are species and their habitats lost but the culture too. The Nature Culture focus shifts from preservation for nature’s sake to preservation of nature for the sake of the culture.

This difference might seem academic but in practice, it is anything but moot. In a Nature Culture, some places would justifiably remain off limits or have limited human access in order to sustain species or ecosystems. Other protected areas might provide for human use with certain caveats to ensure sustainability. Several conservation applications fit this premise. British Columbia’s Ecological Reserves program restricts access to reserves to preserve representative species and ecosystems. Parks fit the example of areas with limited human activities and they allude to a cultural connection. For example, Canada’s National Park’s web site says:

National parks protect natural environments representative of Canada’s natural heritage. ….Each provides a haven, not only for plants and animals, but also for the human spirit.” The goal is to “establish a system of national parks that represents each of Canada’s distinct natural regions.”

Although there is recognition of humans, there remains a need to connect people with nature as an element of Canadian culture.

If this sounds a lot like what some indigenous people have being saying for a long time, you are correct. Not that long ago, all human societies were closely associated with nature.

Living in Canada with its abundance of nature provides an opportunity for a testing ground to use our science and technology to sustain nature as a foundation of a culture. There is also potential economic growth in nature activities.

There is a germ of a Nature Culture connected to the land already in place in Canada. Where I live in British Columbia Bird Week, the Meadowlark Festival, Brant Festival, Adams River Salmon Run, and Wings over the Rockies are a few examples of opportunities to learn about nature. The Squamish Eagle Festival is especially interesting because of the breadth of the cultural events associated with the return of the eagles. All of these events could be underpinnings of a Nature Culture if they became traditions.




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The Perfect State

Our film, The Perfect State is now finished and available for viewing. You can find the trailer and events at the web site. The film is about reconnecting with nature which was also a theme at the second annual Active Pass Festival held on Galiano Island last weekend. Along with a plethora of events celebrating nature, the arts, science and the people inspired by the natural world, was a banquet of local food. Over 100 people attended the dinner where I spoke on Nature Culture.

I especially like the Active Pass Festival for its focus on Nature Culture and the enthusiasm of islanders to participate in events. The organizers did a great job in putting on a good program and assisting people to get to the venues. Galiano Island is only a ferry ride from Vancouver. Next year, the festival returns to Mayne Island on the opposite shore of Active Pass. I hope to see you there.

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Join Nature Culture at Hollyhock


This summer, I will be holding a workshop from June 29 to July 3 at Hollyhock on lovely Cortes Island. Hollyhock is situated at the northern end of the Salish Sea northwest of Vancouver British Columbia. I have a particular affinity to this part of the world because it is where I began my biologist career.

My summer job in 1967 was to search for grouse in the mountains of Vancouver Island overlooking Cortes island and the Discovery Islands. I was set loose with a Brittany spaniel to locate grouse that wore plastic colour bands previously attached to their legs by graduate students. Nowadays, biologists can use radio transmitters to locate and follow birds but in ’60s, the technique was to search for them with the help of a dog. I wasn’t aware of it at the time, but one of my dreams would soon come true.

On a whim and after a summer of traipsing over hill and dale, I made an overnight trip to a small island in the northern Strait of Georgia a few miles south of Cortes. Mitlenatch Island was a seabird nesting island that instantly took hold of me. The island would come to play an instrumental role in my career. (If you click on the above link, you will see a video shot by our foundation embedded in the web page).

Three years later, in 1970 I was hired by BC Parks as a park naturalist on Mitlenatch Island and in 1973 my wife and I were both hired as park naturalists. It seemed like threes had some significance because in 1976 I began to study crows toward a Master of Science degree.

In 2013 (there is that three again!), I returned to Mitlenatch during an expedition around the Salish Sea to produce a film we called The Perfect State. I will show the film during the workshop. The film is based on the Nature Culture theme.

The workshop is aimed at develop traditions and ways of life connected to nature. For many people, nature is foreign so I thought the best way to proceed was to experience nature directly. From my two decades of tours to Haida Gwaii, the Great Bear Rainforest, and Alaska, I know that spending time in nature is far more inspiring  than talking about it. We will rise early to hear the dawn chorus of songbirds. The chorus begins at first light and hits full voice near sunrise. We will also do some bird watching.  The low tide on Saturday looks promising for a discovery of sealife. The waters stream around the north and south ends of Vancouver Island to meet south of Cortes. The outcome is an abundance of marine life. Participants will be able to see many of the animals in the intertidal up close. In addition to learning the names of the birds and marine life, I will explain the ecological world they inhabit. The story of the interactions of living creatures is as interesting than the animals themselves.

I am hoping that all of us, including me, will take away new ideas of how to grow a Nature Culture. We will explore ideas of what we can do as individuals to build a new pact with nature. But I also look forward to discussions on what cities, governments and businesses can do. Did I say we will do some drawing and painting? I am a Signature Member of Artists for Conservation and I want to show you how easy and fun its is to sketch during your excursions. I am working on some other ideas to add to the mix and once confirmed, I will let you know. Of course all of these events take place at the beautiful Hollyhock retreat. You can read more, see an on line brochure and register at or by calling 1-800-933-6339 x 232. There are also scholarships available. You can also follow these blogs where I will post more information, attend my events or contact me at my web site.

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Nature in the City


I attended the 11th annual Eagle Festival in Campbell River last weekend along with hundreds of people. The event sponsored by Mountainaire Avian Rescue Society showcased the many local organizations in their region. The individuals from the largely voluntary organizations, shared a common desire to preserve and restore the environment. In the past, this sentiment was held by a small fringe group but today the view has entered the mainstream. This issue was apparent in my discussion with Mayor Andy Adams and Karen Adams. Mayor Adams explained how the city of Campbell River has embarked on restoring parts of its shoreline to allow a more natural shore to recover and plans were underway to plant trees to increase canopy cover. These are important steps and what impressed me was their pride in telling me their plans. Campbell River is one of several other municipalities and cities that are getting on the green band wagon. The plans also reflect a broader desire of the electorate for a greener cityscape.

Over 45 years ago, I began my biological career in the mountains above Campbell River tracking and recording the movements of grouse as a UBC summer field researcher. I travelled often to Campbell River to get supplies. In those years, Campbell River was a fishing and logging town famous for the huge salmon pulled from the waters and massive trees trucked out of the forest. Campbell River is also well known among the fishing and conservation crowd as the home of conservationist Roderick Haig-Brown who lived along the Campbell River. He wrote several classic books about fishing and was an early Board member of The Nature Trust of British Columbia. The Trust has purchased several key parcels of land in the region and supported the Brant Festival. Incidentally, I am a volunteer Board member of The Nature Trust and will be speaking at the Brant Festival on April 7.

What will be next once all the green infrastructure is in place? My hope is that events like the Eagle Festival and Brant Festival become traditions that involve all aspects of the community in a grand celebration of nature. Nature Culture is all about sustaining nature and the livelihoods as a uniquely west coast flavoured culture. We can encourage a Nature Culture by attending nature festivals, encouraging local governments to build green infrastructure, and by purchasing sustainable products.

Vancouver is renowned for its green policy and with it has come expectations of leadership. Smaller communities like Campbell River do not get the same recognition partly because of their size but each community contributes to the region’s ecological sustainability. Ecosystems often operate at scales much larger than cities. The greening of cities will require collaboration toward a shared vision that goes beyond city boundaries.

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Nature for a New Year

I am interested in nature inspired creative works and for the start of 2016, I thought I would share a story about bird song. It will be several months before most birds will begin to sing but you can hear bird-song inspired compositions at composer Peter Cowdrey and musician Liz Cowdrey’s web site Conference of Birds. I was intrigued by how the Cowdreys connected bird song to a broader cultural experience. Nature inspired music has been around for a long time but always within another cultural paradigm. The example of the Cowdreys indicates that nature inspired works are well underway. What is missing is a broader cultural tent beneath which these works can reside.

A goal of a Nature Culture is nature sustained by cultural tradition. Put simply, without nature there is no Nature Culture. Over the coming months, I will write more on this subject but to start a new year, a resolution seems timely to take the first steps toward a more sustainable lifestyle at home.

To get you started, consider doing a personal audit of what you use and see where you can make adjustments towards a more sustainable lifestyle. List all the things you buy and use – food, clothing, transportation, cleaning products, water, air, home heating etc. For each one, examine if the way it is made or harvested is sustainable. You will discover that some things are easy to change while others are more difficult or you might be unwilling to change. Make the easy changes on your next shopping visit and consider how you might tackle the more difficult tasks. The choice of things we buy is one way to encourage sustainable products and there are many sustainable products now available.

 Whether you choose to do a personal audit or not, you might want to start a tradition among family and friends where you celebrate nature where you live. Food is a traditional way to celebrate events and a place to explore how much food comes from sustained practices. Sustainable food makes an interesting dinner conversation especially when it is pot luck. The Pacific WildLife Foundation holds a pot luck each year with lots of surprises in store. Our family has held several of these feasts and the the theme was first used by The Nature Trust of BC dinner at the Deep Bay Field Station a few years ago. The Active Pass Art and Nature Festival also had a local dinner where I spoke about Nature Culture. I will be speaking about Nature Culture at the 2016 Active Pass Art and Nature Festival on Galiano at the end of April and holding a workshop at Hollyhock from June 29 to July 3.

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